1 There are 70 Jails of different kinds functioning in the State of Orissa under the Administrative Control of Directorate of Prisons, Orissa, Bhubaneswar. Out of them, there is one open air jail called Biju Patnaik Open Air Ashram at Jamujhari. The scheduled accommodation available in these70 Jails is 8577 for males and 590 for females aggregating to 9167. Against this, the prison population, as on 30.11.2005, is male 13927 and female 438 (total 14365). There are 43 children below 5 years living with their mothers and not included in the total figure. Out of them 133 are Naxalites confined to different Jails.
2 The Correctional Institutions are also functioning for the welfare of the prisoners. Details are :
Regional Probation Offices
District Probation Offices
Central Home for Men
Prison Welfare Offices
After care Shelter
Sub-Divisional Probation Offices.
3 One Jail Training School is functioning at Berhampur. It imparts in-service training to Jail Officials, guarding personnel and Correctional Officials. The syllabus of the Training School was reviewed recently and the subjects of Criminology and Human Rights were introduced. Given the growing importance of Correctional Administration, the Correctional Officers are being regularly deputed to the National Institute of Criminology and, Forensic Sciences, New Delhi. Workshops on Human Rights in Prisons were organized at Burla and Bhubaneswar in collaboration with National Human Rights Commission and Bureau of Police Research Development, New Delhi.
The following courser were conducted in the Jail Training School
i) Refresher course for 10 Correctional Officers conducted form 18.08.2005 to 6.09.2005 at Orissa Jail Training School, Berhampur.
ii) Warders Training Course for 22 warders of 37th batch conducted from 05.05.2004 to 06.02.2005.
4 PRISON MODERNISATION AND REFORMS :
4.1 The modernisation of prisons was started from 2002-03 and will continue up to 2006-07. Under the scheme of Modernisation of Prisons, the Governments of India and Orissa contribute annually a sum of Rs.21.47 crores in the ratio of 75: 25. The details of projects taken up in last 3 years and completed or nearing completion are as follows:
Name of the work.
No. of Jails.
(Rs. in lakhs).
No. of Jails.
(Rs. in lakhs).
No. of Jails.
(Rs. in lakhs).
New Sub Jails with Staff quarters.
(with 200 capacity each)
(with 300 capacity each)
(with 200 capacity each)
Addl. Ward in existing Jail.
(Total capacity 860)
(Total capacity 780)
(Total capacity 910)
Water supply in existing Jails.
(Total No. 160)
(Total No. 155)
(Total No. 139)
(Total No. 140)
(Total No. 141)
4.2 The Orissa State Police Housing and Welfare Corporation Ltd., Bhubaneswar has completed the construction of 28 Residential quarters Building, 70 Septic Latrines and 7 deep Tube wells and their corresponding water tanks and handed over to the Prison Directorate, in the year 2005
4.3 In the year 2005-06, construction of 5 new Sub-Jails (at Laxmipur, Kantabanji, MV-79, Madanpur Rampur and Kshipur ) have been taken up. Apart from this, Rs.150.00 lakhs is being spent for construction of 100 persons capacity wards one each at Circle Jail, Berhampur, Baripada, Sub-Jail at Champua, Aska and District Jail, Bhawanipatna. Construction of 19 ‘D’ Type Staff
quarters, 23 ‘E’ Type quarters and 94 ‘F’ Type quarters in 22 existing Jails, with a provision of Rs.498.00 lakhs, has been taken up. Improvement of sanitation and water supply too has also taken up in 9 existing Jails with a provision of Rs.49.00 lakhs.
5 HEALTH CARE AND MEDICAL TREATMENT OF PRISONERS :
There are 326 beds available in 34 Jail Hospitals of the State. The biggest hospital is in Choudwar jail, followed by Berhampur, Baripada and Sambalpur jails. The Bhubaneswar Special Jail too has 20 beds. New hospital bed will be established in each of the 21 new sub Jails under construction.
The Prison Department takes the help of the hospitals of Government of Orissa and the specialized programmes (leprosy, Phileria, AIDS, TB etc.) for the treatment of sick prisoners. The children of prison inmates are also getting the preventive medicines. The Psychiatric prisoners are also being treated with care and medicines.
Expenditure of Rs.47.77 (forty seven lakhs seventy seven thousand) was incurred on the medicines and treatment of the prisoners during the year 2004-05. It will exceed this figure in 2005-06. The Rotary Club and other N.G.Os. like, “Prajapita Brahma Kumaris” Social Organisation for Living Being, Bhubaneswar; Mother Teresa Seva Sangha, Koraput; “NISWAS”, Bhubaneswar are also chipping in for the medical treatment of the prisoners.
The inmates of Biju Patnaik Open Air Ashram, Jhamujhari are being provided medical treatment and medicines free of cost by Arupa Mission Research Foundation, Bhubaneswar.
3.6 EDUCATION IN JAIL :
The 23 teachers have been appointed one each in 23 Jails to educate the illiterate prisoners. In other jails, the literate prisoners impart such education to illiterate ones. In the year 2005, the 685 illiterate prisoners were made literate. State Resource Centre has also helped us to take up literacy drive in many Jails. They have held workshops for the Welfare Officer and Teachers of the Jails. They have also promised to supply reading materials for such literacy drives.
Due to an initiative taken by the Directorate, a functionable library has been established in most of the Jails with the help of some of the N.G.Os.
John Augusts has supplied the text books of Class-VI to X to the children of prisoners. They have provided text books to the prisoners, who are prosecuting higher studies. They have also supplied post cards to jails to encourage literate prisoners to write letters. They paid the examination fees of 39 children of the prisoners. For the first time in the State plan, the money has been provided to buy 37 sets of text books from Class-VIII to X. These sets will be kept in the jail libraries to encourage prisoners to prosecute their study in the jails.
IGNOU (Indira Gandhi National Open University) was kind enough to open one Centre each in Berhampur and Choudwar jails. Some of the prisoners are prosecuting their study for postgraduate and graduate level examinations. There are many prisoners, who are studying to appear in H.S.C. and + II examinations.
7 RELIGIOUS AND SPRITUAL PROGRAMMES:
Some of the N.G.Os. for promoting mental peace and improving moral consciousness of prisoners, are conducting ‘Yoga’ classes, meditation, religious/spiritual/moral discourses in different jails. Bhajans and Kirtans are also being organised. The prisoners are allowed to visit temples, mosques and churches on some festive occasions. “Prajapita Brahma Kumari Iswariya Viswa Vidyalaya” is conducting regularly the spiritual discourses and “Rajyoga” course in 23 Jails.
8 CULTURAL PROGRAMMES :
All important festivals of all the religions, like, ‘Dasahara’, ‘Raja’, X-Mas,’Idul-Fitre’, ‘Ratha Jatra’, Rakhya Bandhan are being celebrated by the inmates of jails. The National festival like ‘Independence Day’, ‘Republic Day’ and ‘Utkal Divas’ are also being observed for the awareness of the inmates. On these occasions, the sports competitions and cultural programme are being organised for participation by the prisoners, only. Drama, Sangeet Samaroha, melody programmes, dance, ‘palla,’ song recitations etc. are also being organised for their entertainment.
The prisoners have been provided with the facilities for Indoor Games like, Chess, Ludu, and Carrom Board. Outdoor Games, like, Volley Ball, Kabadi, Cricket etc. Special sports meets are also being organised on different occasions, both inside and outside, the jail premises. T.V.s have been provided for their entertainment. Library books, periodicals, daily news papers and journals are also available for use by the prisoners.
9 Open Air Ashram
The Open Air Jail, Jamujhari has been declared as Biju Patnaik Open Air Ashram vide Home Department Notification No.25676 dated 6.6.2005. There are 45 convicts currently lodges in this jail. This is an unique experiment in the State. Various agricultural, horticultural and industrial activities have been launched in this jail to keep them gainfully engaged. Hon’ble Chief Minister of Orissa had visited this Open Air Jail on 27.03.2005 and had inaugurated the seminar on the Aromatic & Medicinal plantation.
Arupa Mission, an N.G.O., has adopted this open air jail. They have provided solar electricity for operating irrigation pumps and lighting and renovated the prison wards providing with all the amenities. They are also marketing the products of Jail. They helped in planting large number of flower and fruit bearing plants. Jatropa has been planted to produce bio-diesel. They have also provided books for the Library and some amenities for recreation.
The open Air Ashram prisoners visit local hospitals and local temples to voluntarily clean the premises.
10 Rehabilitation of Prisoners :
There is a Central Home for Men at Baripada and an After Care Shelter at Cuttack. Needy Prisoners are sent in these centers after their release, for rehabilitation.
For the first time under the State Plan a sum of Rs.20,000/- has been placed for rehabilitation and financial help to B.P.L. prisoners. This year a prisoner, namely, Shri Budhia Murmu has been provided with Rs.10,000/- as a margin money for purchasing a Diesel Pump set and other accessories. Rs.10,000/- has been distributed to five families of the prisoners, who are below poverty line for cycle mart, small shop etc. for their subsistence.
11 Prisoner’s leave, release & Remission :
In 2005, the 137 convicts have availed parole leave. Only one convict was released prematurely. The 62 prisoners have been given special remission due to their good work and proper behaviour in the prison.
Legal Counseling was provided to 483 prisoners through various District Legal Aid Advise Committees and the State Legal Aid Cell.